How to Develop a Growth Mindset

PictureWhen I was young, I had an obsession with figure skating. I begged my parents to buy me skates and sequined costumes and drive me to the local ice rink, where I would spend hours learning complex jumps and spins. I soon learned that the sport is not only full of beauty, and grace, but also pain. I became very familiar with the sensation of my body crashing, full force, into the cold ice, and obtained enough bruises to probably have warranted concern from child services. My fellow skaters (some of whom where current and future-Olympians) suffered similar damage because, no matter how talented you are, if you’re trying to spin in the air and land on a single blade less than 1/4th of an inch wide, you’d better be okay with falling on your butt. A lot.

This experience should have taught me a valuable life lesson about failure: success is reached not merely through skill and hard work, but also by having the persistence to get up after falling repeatedly and try, try again. But I must be hard-headed or something, because that didn’t really sink it.Like many people, I grew up frightened of messing up. Failure seemed more painful than valuable, and I’d rather avoid pain, thankyouverymuch. I thought of this avoidance as a healthy defense mechanism. And sticking with what I was naturally good at, and avoiding the things I wasn’t, was not just a less risky move, but a smart one.

It wasn’t until I was an adult that I began to question my attitude. I had a tumultuous year – a brutal year, even – and I spent nearly every day of it feeling afraid. New challenges were being thrust at me, and I had the potential to fail any one of them. I had to make decisions without enough information, and each one might blow up in my face. I was out of my comfort zone, and I was going to fall on my butt at any moment. In a moment of clarity, I realized I wanted to live my life going after what I really wanted, not merely avoiding what I didn’t. And that meant facing my fear of failure head on.

MINDSETS, POTENTIAL, AND FAILURECarol Dweck, auPicturethor and psychologist, says that people approach life in one of two basic ways: with a Fixed Mindset or with a Growth Mindset. With a Fixed Mindset, people believe they are born with certain amount of innate intelligence and talent, which is “fixed” and relatively unchangeable. They believe the level of one’s natural talent and intelligence will determine how successful they are at a given task or area of life; if one experiences failure, it is a sign that they lack the necessary ability. Therefore, people with a Fixed Mindset are likely to interpret early failure as a clear indication that it is time to move on.

People with Growth Mindsets, however, believe natural intelligence and talents are just starting points, the mere beginning of what they are capable of. They believe that with consistent effort and dedication, they can further develop and strengthen their abilities, and achieve much greater levels of success. As such, they readily seek out new opportunities for growth and learning. An experience of failure is source of valuable information for future endeavors, rather than a sign to give up.Over the course of their lives, people with Fixed Mindsets may experience success early in certain areas of their life, but often fail to achieve their full potential. Those with Growth Mindsets tend to continuouslly build upon their successes, achieving higher levels of greatness, also, unsurprisingly, having a lot of fun in the process.

The mindset we have is largely determined by our most fundamental sense of self.

As humans, we have two versions of our consciousness. I call them The Ego and The Highest Self.The Ego divides all information into two piles: “ME” and “THE REST OF THE WORLD.” The world is very distinct from you, and is full of danger. The Ego focuses most of its energy on keeping you safe and defending you Picturefrom potential threats, including failure.

Although there’s nothing wrong with seeking safety, if you identify primarily with The Ego, you will have a Fixed Mindset. The world will appear more hostile, and it will be easy to believe that showing weakness or vulnerability could lead to being attacked. Believing that you’re fragile, you’ll avoid doing anything where you might get hurt.Most of my life, I unconsciously identified with The Ego, so it was only natural that I came to avoid trying things I wasn’t perfect at, lest I faced rejection or criticism. I confused “who I was” with “what I did.” If I failed, I believed that I, personally, was a failure. If I made a bad decision, I was a bad person – my abilities weren’t good enough for me to be anything better. In the face of such harsh self-judgments, I was always frantically searching for what was safe and easy.

The Highest Self sees itself as strong, creative, resourceful, and deeply connected to the life around it. The world around it is not a threat, but a helpful learning environment. If focuses its energy on helping you evolve into your best self. When you identify with The Highest Self, you’ll naturally obtain a Growth Mindset.

When you choose to see yourself as resilient and capable of bouncing back after a fall, you won’t fear making a leap of faith. You won’t worry if you don’t immediately know the answers, because you’ll know you’re creative enough to eventually figure them out. And you’ll realize that that all experiences, even painful ones, provide valuable information for further development. So you won’t confuse failure with not being good enough, but rather use the experience to help you become even better.

And the truth is that we are resilient. If you fail, no one on earth can make you internalize that failure. No set of experiences can make you not good enough. It’s all your choice: you can seek greater safety, or you can declare yourself to be unstoppable and just keep getting better, and better, and better. And no one can tell you otherwise.


Tips for Gaining a Growth MindsetThe good news is that we are all capable of obtaining a Growth Mindset. The bad news is that, even though it’s a simple internal choice, it can be difficult one to actually make. It takes a lot of inner work for me to not identify with The Ego and use every setback as an excuse to me want to scurry into safety. But as time passes, it does seem to be getting easier.
Here are some strategies that are helping me on my journey, that may work for you:1. Stop Labeling Experiences “Bad”Often, experiences don’t go as well as we wanted; it’s easy to label these as “bad experiences” or failures. Yet rarely is an experience completely devoid of anything positive. If we ignore these positives and focus only on the negatives, we’ll be much less likely to engage in similar experiences in the future.

For example, imagine you forgot some of the words while giving a speech. When remembering it later, that mistake is all you focus on. You will probably be reluctant to ever speak to a group again; it’s a difficult and mortifying experience.

But if you focused on the parts you did well, the applause of the audience, and the feeling of sharing a message, you would be a lot more likely to feel good about yourself and want to try again. Forgetting a few words can help focus your preparation next time, and you’ll likely do even better.

So, the next time you have an experience where you feel like you failed or disappointed yourself, identify at least three things that did go well.

2. Focus on the Learning

My job involves giving a lot of workshops and trainings. My fear of criticism used to be so out-of-control that I would actually avoid reading participant evaluation! Now, I try to view these experience as an opportunity to learn and grow, rather than to prove myself. Instead of being perfect (which I knew was impossible), I set a goal become the best trainer I could be. This made me feel that it was okay to try new things and make mistakes, because I could use this knowledge to improve my skills and technique.

Try this for yourself! Before you attempt something, identify at least one important thing you want to learn from the experience that will help you even better in the future.

3. Watch for Fixed Mindset Thoughts

The best way to gain freedom from The Ego’s Fixed Mindset is to recognize when The Ego is present by naming it. When you realize you’re having Fixed Mindset thoughts, simple acknowledge that these thoughts are coming from The Ego, not The Highest Self. You might say, for example, “The Ego thinks that if I can’t do this, I’m worthless.” The Ego is telling me that I’ll never be smart (…talented, brave, etc.) enough to do this.” By simply naming and observing The Ego, you’ll become less controlled by it, and increasingly identified with your Highest Self.

I’d love to hear from you!  
Do you tend to have a fixed or a growth mindset?  How does it affect your life?  Use the comment section to share your experience!
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Best regards,
          Brooke Wichmann, MA,
          Certified Professional Co-Active Coach

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